Over the last decade, the production of open data relating to the public sector has increased rapidly thanks to several factors, in particular:
- The European Open Data Directive has favored the openness of specific types of public sector data (for example, HVDs);
- Improved smart city paradigms (e.g. IoT deployments, digital twins) have significantly improved open data production.
- Private companies increasingly contribute to the availability of public sector and public service data used by citizens in their daily lives.
However, the actual use of data by third-party services still remains a challenge.
Many of the data produced by public authorities, even if “officially open”, are not yet accessible or are only accessible to humans, in a heterogeneous environment.
only by humans, in a heterogeneous, non-machine-readable format. Furthermore, there is no quality control of the data that prevents its use, especially those enhanced by artificial intelligence.
In this context, BeOpen aims to provide a holistic framework to support the lifecycle management of open data and metadata, pipelines aimed at accessing, curating and publishing HVDs, based on FAIR principles, to be made available for future Data Spaces to support sustainable cities.
The framework includes open source tools, replicable pipelines and ontologies, and best practices for performing data collection, curation, semantic annotation, data and metadata harmonization, quality improvement, and machine-readable publishing (in bulk or via API) of HVD, in particular related to: statistics, mobility, environment, earth observation and geo-space.
The framework will be implemented and evaluated in several pilot projects in 6 different countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal and Spain), for potential future replications, lessons learned and good practices will be shared thanks to to the city networks involved.